Brief info about Armenia
Geographical InformationArmenia is located in the South Caucasus, bordered by Georgia from the north, Iran – from the south, Azerbaijan – from the north-east and the south-west, Turkey – from the west.
The Republic of Armenia occupies a territory of 29 800 sq. km, lying at an average altitude of 1800 m above sea level. The highest point is Mount Aragats (4090 m), while the lowest point is the valley of the Debed River (400 m).
The capital is Yerevan.
According to the general census of 2019, the population of Armenia is 3 million, 1.1 million of which is residented in Yerevan.
- The President. The President of the Republic is the head of state. The President is elected for a seven-year, non-renewable term and performs a ceremonial role. On March 2, 2018 Armen Sarkissian was elected President of the Republic of Armenia by the National Assembly of the RA.
- The Legislative power. The unicameral National Assembly is the supreme legislative body in Armenia. The National Assembly is elected by popular vote for a five-year term.
- The Executive power. The Prime-Minister is the head of government and most senior minister within the Armenian government. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of Armenia upon the vote of the National Assembly. Since May 8, 2018 Nikol Pashinyan is the acting Prime Minister of the RA.
ReligionThe state religion in Armenia is Christianity, which was adopted in 301 AD. The religion is deeply and strongly rooted here. The majority of the Armenians, living in Armenia, belong to the Armenian Apostolic Orthodox church. The head of the church is the Catholicos of All Armenians, who resides in Holy Echmiadzin.
LanguageThe official language is Armenian – a separate branch of the Indo-European language family. The Armenian letters are radically different from the letters of other languages. Generally the state buildings and public places are marked also with Latin-letter signboards. Besides Armenian, Russian and English are as well widely used in the country.
CurrencyThe national currency of Armenia is called "Dram" (the code is AMD). It was put into circulation in 1993. There are banknotes of 1 000, 2 000, 5 000, 10 000, 20 000, 50 000, 100 000 Dram denomination and also coins of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 Dram denomination. Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks and currency exchange offices throughout the city.
Today's approximate currency exchange rates:
6.71 AMD 472.54 AMD 547.82 AMD
You can find the exact rates for all currencies at the official website of the Central Bank of the RA.
BankingThe Armenian banking system consists of 17 commercial banks, the activity of which is controlled by the Central Bank of the Republic of Armenia. The banks in Yerevan are open, generally, from 10 AM to 4 PM on week-days, some of them work also on Saturdays. You can get more detailed information at the official website of the Central Bank of the RA.
The ATMs can be found on all the main streets of Yerevan.
FlightsArmenia has two major airports: the main "Zvartnots" International Airport, located at a distance of ~12 km from the centre of Yerevan, and "Shirak" airport, situated in Gyumri. There are flights to and from Yerevan from more than 50 cities of the world, including Moscow, Novosibirsk, Saint Petersburg, Paris, Vienna, Prague, Rome, Milan, London, Berlin, Warsaw, Kiev, Athens, Beirut, Tehran, Dubai, Sharjah, Doha, etc.
ClimateArmenia has a dry tropical climate. Clear sunny days are mostly dominant in a year (more than 300 days in a year). The summers are hot here, the temperature fluctuates between +22C to +36C. The winters are mainly cold, snowy, the average temperature is between -15C to -1C. The mountain peaks are covered with eternal snow, while their slopes are lined by alpine meadows.
Armenia is the right place to visit for people who are interested in skiing and other winter activities. The best time to visit Armenia is considered spring or autumn as weather is mild and nature is breathtaking. Meanwhile, for people who like sun and hot weather – Armenia is perfect during summer.
Daily weather forecasts can be found at the following website.
Time ZoneArmenia Standard Time is 4 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+4). Starting from 2012, Armenia has abolished daylight saving time.
VisaVisa to Armenia is provided by the Representation of the Republic of Armenia, located in the given country (or near it). The citizens of the CIS member-states, the EU member-states and the Schengen Acquis states do not need visa to travel to Armenia. The citizens of several countries can get a visa upon arrival in Armenia, at the border checkpoints. In general, the procedure lasts 20-25 minutes.
Citizens of foreign countries, for whom a visa-free regime is set, can stay on the territory of the Republic of Armenia for no more than 180 days during one year if no other term is defined by the international agreements of the Republic of Armenia.
By the expiration of the visa dates it should be prolonged at the Passport and Visa Department (Davtashen, 4th District, 17/10 Building). In case of an expired visa the citizen will be subject to a fine.
Visa can also be obtained prior to the arrival (online) by applying to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RA.
More detailed information regarding visa provision can be found at the website of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of RA.
Embassies & Consulates
Public TransportationThe following means of public transportation are available in Armenia:
- Metro. Yerevan subway system has one line stretching from the north to the south of the city with 10 stations. The fare is 100 AMD.
- Buses. There are buses running in major directions. The fare is 100 AMD.
- Minibuses. 12-15 seater minibuses run in almost every direction. The fare is 100 AMD.
- Taxi Services. There are many taxi service offices, which accept orders by phone and offer comfortable cars. The fare is 100 AMD per km (the minimum fare is 600 AMD). It is possible to take a taxi also at the crossroads and crowded places. Besides, there are special mobile applications, such as "GG", "Yandex Taxi", "Utaxi", etc. (available for Android and iOS) which can be used to order a taxi.
ElectricityThe electricity in Armenia is 220 V, 50 Hz, as in almost all of Europe. The Armenian socket standard is CEE, mostly without grounding. The outlet adaptors for the standards of different countries can be purchased in almost all home appliances and electronics stores in Yerevan.
TelecommunicationsThe country code is 374, Yerevan city codes are 10, 11, 12, 60.
Outgoing international calls can be made by dialing 00 followed by the country code, the city code and the number.
There are 3 mobile operators – "Beeline", "VivaCell", "Ucom", functioning over almost the entire territory of Armenia. Sim cards can be purchased at "Zvartnots" International Airport, the offices of the mentioned operators or big stores, presenting a passport copy. The cards provide 3G/4G connection and high speed Internet. For making calls by the cell phone to the fixed-line number in Yerevan it is necessary to dial 0 then city code followed by the number.
Emergency Phone Numbers
- Fire Department – 101
- Police – 102
- Ambulance – 103
- Gas Emergency Service – 104
- Emergency Situations Crisis Management Center – 911, 101
- Municipality of Yerevan Hotline – 108
- Ombudsman (Human Rights Defender) of Armenia Hotline – 116
Post OfficesThe post offices in Armenia work every day from 9 AM to 7 PM. Sunday is a day-off. One of the central post offices is located at the Republic Square, opposite the Government building.
TipsIn Armenia hotels, restaurant bills, taxi fares, guide and driver services, etc. generally include tax and service. Tips are therefore not required, however, may be given for an excellent service as a sign of appreciation.
Holidays & Non-working DaysBoth public and religious holidays are celebrated in Armenia. The shops and restaurants are generally open also on holidays.
The following holidays are non-working:
- Christmas and New Year (from December 31 to January 6),
- Army Day – January 28,
- International Women's Day – March 8,
- Labour Day – May 1,
- Victory and Peace Day – May 9,
- Republic Day – May 28,
- Constitution Day – July 5,
- Independence Day – September 21.
- April 24 is also a non-working day – the commemoration day of the Armenian Genocide victims.
FestivalsEvery year various festivals, dedicated to the national symbols and products, take place in Armenia. Visiting one of them is a great opportunity to get acquainted with interesting traditions, taste national dishes and just have lots of fun in a completely new and vibrant atmosphere. Festivals are very entertaining, as they are accompanied by songs, dances and music. Details and participation conditions of the festivals can be found on our Festivals & Events page.
CuisineThe traditional Armenian cuisine has a large variety of richly flavoured dishes. Fresh vegetables and meat are among the most favourite food products. No Armenian celebratory table can be imagined without the most favourite barbecue, kyufta, harisa, spas, tolma, khashlama or ghapama. The dinner party foresees a great ritual, starting from its preparatory process until the last moment at the table. The numerous restaurants in Yerevan offer a unique selection of local dishes. There are also many restaurants serving the dishes of different internationally recognized cuisines. A detailed information about the restaurants, cafes and places of entertainment can be found on our Restaurants & Clubs page.
Famous People about ArmeniaIf I am asked where is the place on the earth that one can come across many miracles, I would name Armenia. Involuntarily you are surprised in such a small place on the earth it is possible to meet such monuments and such people, who can be the ornaments and pride of the whole world.
Rockwell Kent, American painter, writer
If the scriptures are rightly understood it was in Armenia that Paradise was placed. But whatever may have been their destiny and it has been bitter whatever it may be in future, their country must ever be one of the most interesting on the globe. Armenian is the language to speak with God.
George Gordon (Lord) Byron, English poet
When the Armenians stand hand to hand, shoulder to shoulder and hit the ground under the rhythms of national drums and apricot-made instruments, the columns of my palace wоuld rather turn into specks of dust than anyone would be able to stop them.
Gaius Julius Caesar
In general, much too little has been known about Armenia, even though, culturally speaking, Europe owes her a considerable debt. At the dawn of history, Armenia was one of the cradles of civilization. Millennia before the Christian era, the economy, arts and popular traditions of Armenia had developed to such an extent that her culture stimulates Egypt, Greece and Rome both materially and spiritually.
Elisabeth Bauer, Austrian Armenologist
I think, that Yerevan which is built from volcanic tuff and is harmonic like a rose, is one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Pablo Neruda, Chilean Nobel Prize Winner in Literature 1971
A breath-taking sight is emerging in front of us. We are flying over snow-cowered mountains of Armenia. This is the place where Noah landed his ark during the great flood. In the noise and tone of headphones we heard the voice of the Armenian dispatcher. "Welcome, accept our greetings from the whole Armenian nation". The voice had such a sincere friendliness in it! If only all countries were so hospitable.
Richard Charles Nicholas Branson, a British business magnate